Macro Photography on a Budget – Cheap Macro Photography Techniques

Cheap Macro Photography Techniques Without A Dedicated Lens:

Macro Photography is getting popular day by day among professional and rookie photographers. Its a stunning way to see the magnified world which you have never seen before. However, cost of a dedicated lens is way too high and often becomes a barrier to get the entry in this genre. Today we will discuss how to do Macro Photography on a budget and what all are the equipment required for Cheap Macro Photography Techniques without any fancy dedicated lens. If you want high quality professional shots, there’s simply no alternatives. However, if you’re just looking to get a taste of macro photography and want to have some fun then check for below options:

Macro Photography on a Budget

Macro Photography on a Budget options :

Extension Tubes:

Extension tubes are the tube shape object which sits between lens optics and sensor. It increases the distance between your camera sensor and the lens optics. Because of which our camera can focus on closer subject to get the macro shot. It simply magnifies the image due to which subject looks much closer and magnified.

In this method, we attach the extension tube to camera body and then a lens to extension tubes like image below :Macro Photography on a Budget

Unfortunately, extension tubes doesn’t have any focus mechanism so you will have to focus on subject manually which is quite tough work given the subject would be highly magnified. So, its always better to get a tripod for this type of photography and a shutter release button to remove any camera shake. You can also use a DIY diffuser made of plastic or cardboard to softens flash light when shutter click button releases.

You will need:

  • A DSLR
  • A Kit lens (18-55) or a prime lens 35mm or 50mm (preferably).
  • Extension tubes
  • DIY flash diffuser (optional).

Reversed Lens:

Our lens is mainly designed to take picture which is larger in real life like a tall building, here camera reduces the image of building to a small area called sensor. So, considering this if we reverse the lens then camera will magnifies the size of subjects on sensor which in turn called as Macro Photography.

Reverses rings is a camera mount adapter which allows you to reverse your lens to gets fit with a camera on a lens mount. This seems strange if you have never used this technique before because first time you will see lens pins which actually talks with camera are visible and internal glass elements also which moves in and out while focusing. You will also see aperture ring outside which control the opening of lens electronically. Its also not that easy specially handhold, it will require lot of practice and patience too while shooting macro with all this manual technique.

Macro Photography on a BudgetMacro Photography on a Budget

 

 

 

 

 

 

You will need:

  • A DSLR
  • A Kit lens (18-55) or a prime lens 35mm or 50mm (preferably).
  • Reverse ring.

While this technique is one of the best ways to get a taste of macro photography but it also exposes your lens to outer environment and dust can easily get inside it. So you better use this technique inside a closed environment like a room or use lens cap if you use outside. 

You will loose the camera brain so how to Focus : 

In reverse ring technique, the pins which communicates to camera are no more in contact with lens adapter so you are going to loose all good features of your camera like Auto-Focusing or changing aperture using rotate dial. So how you will achieve focusing and control aperture? 

With the lens mounted backwards, your can focus on subject by moving the camera back and forth, which will be just inches from your subject, back and forth until the area you want sharp is in focus. For aperture you need to control aperture ring manually and check the exposure through viewfinder if subject is dark or bright. You need to move aperture ring which can be found on outer most area of your lens.

Macro Photography on a Budget

Control DOF – Depth of Field :

Its quite interesting and amazing how DOF gets affected with aperture. Since we are moving aperture manually so it can get suddenly dark at f/16.0 or too bright at f/1.8. Shooting like this can be very difficult at times for a couple of reasons. First, at large apertures like f/1.4 on a sunny day with a nice bright image in the viewfinder, you get a very narrow DOF. The smallest shift in your camera position changes what is in focus of subject. 

Suppose your are trying to get a macro shot of flower. With a bigger opening of lens, you will get flower petals in focus while rest of the part is out of focus due to very narrow DOF. On the other hand if you will shoot with smallest of aperture like f/10.0 or f/16.0 then complete flower would be in focus but you will see same close up macro shot of petals in this picture. So it depends heavily on aperture specially if you are shooting handheld.

Stacked Lenses :

In this lens stacking technique, we usually use telephoto lens mounted in camera like a normal lens then taking a shorter focal length lens and attach them using a filter adapter. Shorter focal length lens mounts in a reversed position. When we are doing this, we are essentially using the reversed lens as a supplementary close-up lens. So using the above formula reversing a 100 mm lens would be a +10 Close-up.

You will need:

  • A DSLR
  • A Telephoto lens and one with prime lens.
  • Macro-coupling ring.

This method is little bit more complicated than other two explained above. To stack two lenses you need a filter to filter adapter. These are also sold as male to male adapters or as macro-coupling rings. If you can’t find an adapter with the filter size you need, you can mate it with a step-up or step-down ring like this :

Cheap Macro Photography Techniques

A problem with stacked lenses is vignetting or the darkening of the corners of the frame. This is why it is always a good idea to use a fast lens, like a 50 mm f/1.8 or 35 mm f/1.8 as your reversed lens.

Diopters:

Diopters are the easiest way to get into macro photography world. Its just a optics, a filter like attachment which magnifies your subject. They’re very easy to use, just screw one or more diopters onto your lens just like you would with any lens filter.

Cheap Macro Photography TechniquesYou will have to move in very close to your subject to achieve focus, and optical quality won’t always be as good as some of the other options presented here, but you might be very pleased with the results. Because they don’t cost much, are easy to use, and take up very little space in your camera bag, you might consider this for a try.

 

Sample Picture of  Macro using Reverse Ring technique :

 

Cheap Macro Photography Techniques
Needle and Thread : Shot With D3300 -18-55 Kit lens using Reverse Ring
Macro Photography on a Budget
Macro of Plant : Nikon D3300 with 18-55 Kit using Reverse Ring

These are the most used budget way to try macro photography. I am sure there are few others as well but above 4 method are being used mostly in photographers community. I encourage you to try one of these methods and who knows this could just become your new photography obsession.

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A Visit to Okhla Bird Sanctuary in Delhi

blabber, pixelrajeev, okhla

If you are in love with Birds and their chirping gives you pleasure and calmness and makes you feel like you are right in the lap of nature, then definitely you should grab your camera and head to Okhla Bird Sanctuary in Delhi. Situated in center to Delhi or Noida, its a great place for bird photography specially in  winter season when you could get to see many migrated beautiful birds and photograph them. 

A HEART WITHOUT DREAM, IS LIKE A BIRD WITHOUT FEATHER !!!

Okhla Bird Sanctuary in Delhi :

This Bird Sanctuary provides solace through the beautiful spectacle of innumerable birds and biodiversity. It was designated a bird sanctuary by the Uttar Pradesh Govt. in 1990. It is a beautiful bird sanctuary at the Okhla Barrage over the river Yamuna. No vehicle is allowed inside the sanctuary. However, for winter migratory birds the best season is during September-March. You might not like this place from Mar-Apr till Aug due to extremely  high temperature in this region.

Major Attraction:

Known for its exotic birds, Okhla Bird Sanctuary is a home away from home for innumerable birds. Visitors can view White-rumped vulture, Indian vulture along with vulnerable species like Baikal Teal, Baer’s Pochard, Sarus Crane and Sociable Lapwing. Ferruginous Pochard, Black-bellied Tern and Grey headed Fish Eagle can also be sighted in the Okhla Bird Sanctuary. A haven for birds, Okhla Bird Sancturay is also home to Indian Skinmer, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, Lesser Adjutant, Bristled Grassbird along with Finn’s Weaver. Birdwatchers also sight Black-tailed Godwit, Common Redshank, Wood Sandpiper, Western Marsh Harrier along with Pied Avocet, Blue Throat to name a few.

Location:

This Bird Sanctuary is located in Noida Plaza, N Block, Pocket K, Sector 95, Noida, Uttar Pradesh. Pin Code- 201301

Timing:

This is open on all days of the week.

For Summer- 7:00 AM to 5:30 PM And For Winter- 7:30 AM to 5:00 PM

My Visit :

It was a early morning on 22 Jan 2018, hard time for me finding this bird Sanctuary as the main gate was closed and there was new gate from opposite side of this sanctuary was opened, I was not aware of this 🙂 . Somehow I reached this place by 09:45 AM. There was no parking inside sanctuary, so I had to park my bike outside gate. There were few bikes already there so no issue and It was on main road almost so nothing to be worried.

I had my Nikon D3300 + Tamron 70-300 VC USD lens with me. I know 300mm is not enough for birding, but as I am not a professional so it was ok for me ( Its a costly hobby, can not afford dedicated lenses for each genre 😛 ). As soon as you enter inside you could see a lake with many different specifies of birds flying in and around. I switched my camera ON and started clicking pictures.

Here are few of the pictures which I likes most, I hope you will like it :

A Visit to Okhla Bird Sanctuary in Delhi

A Visit to Okhla Bird Sanctuary in Delhi

A Visit to Okhla Bird Sanctuary in Delhi

A Visit to Okhla Bird Sanctuary in DelhiA Visit to Okhla Bird Sanctuary in DelhiA Visit to Okhla Bird Sanctuary in Delhi

A Visit to Okhla Bird Sanctuary in Delhi

A Visit to Okhla Bird Sanctuary in Delhi

A Visit to Okhla Bird Sanctuary in Delhi

A Visit to Okhla Bird Sanctuary in Delhi

A Visit to Okhla Bird Sanctuary in Delhi

A video consist pictures I shot on my visit to Okhla Bird Sanctuary Noida, made just for you in case :

 

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