Manual Mode in DSLR – A Tutorial on How to Use Manual Mode In Photography

Manual Mode in DSLR :

In all DSLR cameras, we have auto mode available which can be used to click any picture given lighting conditions are adequate. We also have semi auto mode like A (Aperture Priority) mode where we control the lens opening and camera takes care of rest of of the setting. So, then why do we have manual mode in DSLR?  is  there any specific reason or Auto mode / Semi Auto Mode are not good enough ? Lets find out manual mode in DSLR and How to Use Manual Mode In Photography

Manual Mode in DSLR - A Tutorial on How to Use Manual Mode In Photography

All these question pops up when you dive into this photography world. Photography is not just about taking pictures or keeping your light meter to 0 to have correct exposure. Its lot more than this. Its more about how much DOF you want in your picture, how much motion you want to show inside your picture or how you want sunlight to use in your shot ? There are lot more situation like and you need to take control of every bit of your camera to get those desired results. And that is why we have manual mode in DSLR.

Manual Mode in DSLR : More Than Getting Just Right Exposure

To get the correct exposure we must know  the 3 basic pillars of Photography. If you haven’t gone through my article for Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO, then I would suggest you to get this understanding first and then come back here to get the clear picture of Exposure triangle and manual mode in DSLR. We know that these 3 primary elements work together to capture an image.

Manual Mode in DSLR - A Tutorial on How to Use Manual Mode In Photography

  • Increasing the aperture size, allows more light to fall into the camera and reducing it decreasing the light.
  • Slowing down the shutter speed, allows the light to fall in to the camera for a longer time and increasing it makes that duration shorter.
  • Increasing the ISO, increases the light sensitivity and thus increases the exposure, decreasing Depth of field.

How to Use Manual Mode In Photography :

In this part we will see How to Use Manual Mode In Photography. How to turn it on in a DSLR and where *& how we could practice manual mode.

What is Manual Mode :

Manual mode lets user to select Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO independently to get the correct exposure of  an image. This is the only mode where each small camera setting will be adjusted by you which will give the ultimate control over how to photo looks or rather how you want your picture to come.

Except Manual mode, in all other mode you get the control on one aspect of setting and all other settings taken care by camera itself. You can go through this article to get the understanding of different modes available in camera.

How to Turn Manual Mode ON :

Turn the mode dial to the big “M” and camera goes into manual mode. Its now just a camera without its brain, you have to use your own brain to get the most out of it.

Manual Mode in DSLR - A Tutorial on How to Use Manual Mode In Photography

How Manual Mode Works:

In Manual Mode, we set the Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO independently and then camera meters the scene depending upon the lighting condition. By gathering information from the light meter, camera tells you how the final image will be,  will it be underexposed, over exposed  or correctly exposed ? You can then adjust any of these  setting from white balance to ISO and many more, until you get desired output.

When to Use:

There are many quotes I found on Google saying “Real Photographers use Manual Mode”. Well I am not really a big believer of such lines as Real Photographers uses all available tools to get the shot done and in some case they are not afraid of using any automation when its more efficient.

You never want to miss photo by setting up everything in manual mode, rather use semi automatic mode and get the job done.

Below are some of the best way to get started with Manual Mode :

You can photograph static subject with same lighting condition. Like a landscape shot. You can start with Aperture Priority and keep playing with Shutter speed and ISO. You can then go with different metering modes and once you know what each setting has effect on final image, then finally you can switch to Manual mode and play with different setting like focusing, white balance, ISO, shutter speed, metering etc and see how thing can get changed with each minor change.

Try practicing manual mode in different lighting condition and this would be the best way to learn. Just go out n keep clicking pictures. Start with setting aperture n then shutter speed, play with ISO, metering modes, white balance etc. See the output and click again -> change setting -> click again -> see the output -> change setting, repeat this cycle until you don’t need to read this big article on manual mode 😛

Drawbacks In Manual Mode:

This camera mode will take you back to the early days where everything in a camera was manual. And photographers change the different settings of camera to get the desired result. Most pro-photographers use this mode because it gives control over everything in your camera like white balance, ISO, metering, focusing type or shutter speed.. Everything.

Manual Mode would be time consuming in start and you might feel why to practice this when we have everything automatic in camera. At that point you should ask yourself, you should  have got point n shoot camera rather than a DSLR. There are any scenarios where auto mode or semi auto mode would not work and you have to switch ON you manual mode to get the job done.

  • Sometimes in a scenario where you need to get your job done quickly, in those case manual mode takes time to adjust.
  • It also requires full in-depth knowledge of how camera works and what setting has what effect on final output. Without this you will not able to decide which things  needs to change which something goes wrong with your picture. So better understand everything first, try A,S and P mode and then only jump to Manual Mode.

Here’s chart might help you in learning Manual Mode :

 

Related articles you could read out :

ISO

Aperture

Shutter Speed

Exposure Triangle

Different Camera Modes

 

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Understanding Histograms Statistics : How to Read A Histogram in Lightroom

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Histogram is quick way to analyze exposure in photography. It helps us to understand how much details each image has preserved. Pixel details should not loose because of dark shadows or due to too much highlight in photograph. In this article we will be Understanding Histograms Statistics and How to Read A Histogram in Lightroom with example. 

What is Histogram :

Now a days histogram can be found in almost every camera and image editing software. Some camera allows a live view as well if you shoot through LCD. Histogram has become very important and helpful to understand in how much details each part of image carries. Many photographers do find it difficult to read in start, I agree it looks very complicated with up n down vertical bars but believe me its very easy to understand and quite helpful too. Here in this blog we will try Understanding Histograms Statistics in Photography. 

A histogram is a graphical representation of the tonal values of your image. In other words, it shows the amount of tones of particular brightness found in your photograph ranging from black (0% brightness) to white (100% brightness). The middle portion of the histogram represents mid-tones, which are neither dark nor light. Vertical axis of a histogram displays the amount of tones of that particular lightness. 

Understanding Histograms Statistics :

The left side of the graph represents the blacks or shadows, the right side represents the highlights or bright areas and the middle section is mid-tones. histogram_mainHow high the peaks reach represent the number of pixels in that particular tone. Each tone from 0-255 (o being black and 255 being white) is one pixel wide on the graph, so imagine the histogram as a bar graph all squished together with no spaces between each bar.

Gaps on either end indicates you are missing information and your exposure can be shifted safely without losing detail.

You also have to remember, if there is a sun in your image then obviously it would be very bright and white and in this part of the image due to this highlight you could loose some details around this portion of image.

Histogram and Exposure : How to Read A Histogram in Lightroom

Underexposure:

This is a underexposed image (very dark) where you can hardly see any details. If you check here (top right side) in histogram, it clearly shows a strong shift to left side which means most of image is in shadows and completely black.

Histogram_underexposed , pixelrajeev

Overexposed:

This is a overexposed image (too much light) where many tones are very bright with almost no dark tones in pictures. Due to too much light almost entire image is blown-out and lacks details. Check histogram here, it clearly shows a strong shift to right side, which means most of image is too bright and blown-out (completely white and bright). 

Histogram_Overexposed, pixelrajeev

Correct Exposure:

Lets analyze histogram here, there is no vertical bars on either side of histogram, which means there is no detail lost in shadows or there is no part of image which has been blown out because of too much brightness. If you see closely, histogram spikes up on the portion of image where parrot is placed. This part of histogram showing the tones of parrot, it is properly exposed and has enough details too.

Histogram_correctlyexposed , pixelrajeev

Breaking the Rule :

What about this image? Is it underexposed ? very dark with no details.. Right ? Here Histogram also tells us that super strong shift to the left side which means image is in shadow and lack details.

Would you try to correct it ? Off course NO. The truth is histogram can not be evaluated on the basis of exposure. The correct histogram depends on many factors. Histogram merely shows you the amount of tones of various brightness levels in your image, and nothing more. It can be used to discover whether you have chopped any highlight or shadow detail at specific exposure settings. 

Histogram_breaking_rule

Conclusion :

Many photographers makes a good habit  of seeing histogram after click just to make sure nothing on the extreme right or left. Well, this habit is not going to make you a good photographer and you should also have enough time to look through LCD and analyze histogram. However, you should know how to read histogram which is helpful and invaluable in some situation at times.

Hopefully, this article helped you to understand what histograms is all about and how to read it.

Did you enjoy this article? Please share it! 🙂

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Canon Back Button focsuing

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Motion Blur Photography : Panning Photography For Beginners

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Long Exposure. pixelrajeev

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Landscape Photography For Beginners

Landscape Phtography

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Camera Lenses Terminology, Basics Understanding Camera Lenses

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Most Important DSLR Accessories for Beginners

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Pillars of Photography – Understanding ISO for Beginners

ISO

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exposure triangle, pixelrajeev

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Metering Mode Feature

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