Manual Mode in DSLR – A Tutorial on How to Use Manual Mode In Photography

Manual Mode in DSLR :

In all DSLR cameras, we have auto mode available which can be used to click any picture given lighting conditions are adequate. We also have semi auto mode like A (Aperture Priority) mode where we control the lens opening and camera takes care of rest of of the setting. So, then why do we have manual mode in DSLR?  is  there any specific reason or Auto mode / Semi Auto Mode are not good enough ? Lets find out manual mode in DSLR and How to Use Manual Mode In Photography

Manual Mode in DSLR - A Tutorial on How to Use Manual Mode In Photography

All these question pops up when you dive into this photography world. Photography is not just about taking pictures or keeping your light meter to 0 to have correct exposure. Its lot more than this. Its more about how much DOF you want in your picture, how much motion you want to show inside your picture or how you want sunlight to use in your shot ? There are lot more situation like and you need to take control of every bit of your camera to get those desired results. And that is why we have manual mode in DSLR.

Manual Mode in DSLR : More Than Getting Just Right Exposure

To get the correct exposure we must know  the 3 basic pillars of Photography. If you haven’t gone through my article for Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO, then I would suggest you to get this understanding first and then come back here to get the clear picture of Exposure triangle and manual mode in DSLR. We know that these 3 primary elements work together to capture an image.

Manual Mode in DSLR - A Tutorial on How to Use Manual Mode In Photography

  • Increasing the aperture size, allows more light to fall into the camera and reducing it decreasing the light.
  • Slowing down the shutter speed, allows the light to fall in to the camera for a longer time and increasing it makes that duration shorter.
  • Increasing the ISO, increases the light sensitivity and thus increases the exposure, decreasing Depth of field.

How to Use Manual Mode In Photography :

In this part we will see How to Use Manual Mode In Photography. How to turn it on in a DSLR and where *& how we could practice manual mode.

What is Manual Mode :

Manual mode lets user to select Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO independently to get the correct exposure of  an image. This is the only mode where each small camera setting will be adjusted by you which will give the ultimate control over how to photo looks or rather how you want your picture to come.

Except Manual mode, in all other mode you get the control on one aspect of setting and all other settings taken care by camera itself. You can go through this article to get the understanding of different modes available in camera.

How to Turn Manual Mode ON :

Turn the mode dial to the big “M” and camera goes into manual mode. Its now just a camera without its brain, you have to use your own brain to get the most out of it.

Manual Mode in DSLR - A Tutorial on How to Use Manual Mode In Photography

How Manual Mode Works:

In Manual Mode, we set the Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO independently and then camera meters the scene depending upon the lighting condition. By gathering information from the light meter, camera tells you how the final image will be,  will it be underexposed, over exposed  or correctly exposed ? You can then adjust any of these  setting from white balance to ISO and many more, until you get desired output.

When to Use:

There are many quotes I found on Google saying “Real Photographers use Manual Mode”. Well I am not really a big believer of such lines as Real Photographers uses all available tools to get the shot done and in some case they are not afraid of using any automation when its more efficient.

You never want to miss photo by setting up everything in manual mode, rather use semi automatic mode and get the job done.

Below are some of the best way to get started with Manual Mode :

You can photograph static subject with same lighting condition. Like a landscape shot. You can start with Aperture Priority and keep playing with Shutter speed and ISO. You can then go with different metering modes and once you know what each setting has effect on final image, then finally you can switch to Manual mode and play with different setting like focusing, white balance, ISO, shutter speed, metering etc and see how thing can get changed with each minor change.

Try practicing manual mode in different lighting condition and this would be the best way to learn. Just go out n keep clicking pictures. Start with setting aperture n then shutter speed, play with ISO, metering modes, white balance etc. See the output and click again -> change setting -> click again -> see the output -> change setting, repeat this cycle until you don’t need to read this big article on manual mode 😛

Drawbacks In Manual Mode:

This camera mode will take you back to the early days where everything in a camera was manual. And photographers change the different settings of camera to get the desired result. Most pro-photographers use this mode because it gives control over everything in your camera like white balance, ISO, metering, focusing type or shutter speed.. Everything.

Manual Mode would be time consuming in start and you might feel why to practice this when we have everything automatic in camera. At that point you should ask yourself, you should  have got point n shoot camera rather than a DSLR. There are any scenarios where auto mode or semi auto mode would not work and you have to switch ON you manual mode to get the job done.

  • Sometimes in a scenario where you need to get your job done quickly, in those case manual mode takes time to adjust.
  • It also requires full in-depth knowledge of how camera works and what setting has what effect on final output. Without this you will not able to decide which things  needs to change which something goes wrong with your picture. So better understand everything first, try A,S and P mode and then only jump to Manual Mode.

Here’s chart might help you in learning Manual Mode :


Related articles you could read out :



Shutter Speed

Exposure Triangle

Different Camera Modes


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What is Augmented Reality and Augmented Reality Examples

What is Augmented Reality and Augmented Reality Examples

What is Augmented Reality:

Augmented Reality is very different from Virtual reality. Here real world combines with virtual world unlike in virtual reality. Let’s see What is Augmented Reality and Augmented Reality Examples in details.

What is Augmented Reality and Augmented Reality Examples


Augmented Reality is a technology where camera reads the objects and surroundings around you from real world and then it places virtual objects or content on top of this real world layer so that everything actually looks like a real world. Its an enhanced version of virtual reality where everything you see in not virtual but its real world seamlessly blends with virtual world.

What is Augmented Reality and Augmented Reality Examples

The origin of the word augmented is augment, which means to add or enhance something. In the case of Augmented Reality (also called AR), graphics, sounds, and touch feedback are added into our natural world to create an enhanced user experience. AR is developed mostly into mobile applications and used on mobile devices to blend digital components into the real world in such a way that they enhance one another, but can also be told apart easily.

Background of Augmented Reality

While it seems very new concept, but the basic principle of Augmented Reality is here for some time now. As far back as the 1950s and 60s clever folk in leading Universities were conducting extensive experiments on “human-computer interaction”. It was an exciting time to be a nerd – “virtual reality”, “portable computing” and all.

While in past the computing power to achieve Augmented Reality was very costly and its hardly accessible to most of the people. It was made for automotive industry for aircraft assembly, architecture to archeology, fighter-jets to medicine, it’s made it easier and more efficient for people to do their jobs.

When smart phones were evolving with faster processor and greater camera capability, Augmented Reality found real their real home to stay with smart phone as it was very easily accessible to most of the common people and quite portable compared to desktops.

When computing power got cheaper and introduction of web-cams in computer was introduced, it began to be used by brands and their agencies in marketing campaigns, with early adopters including the likes of Coca-Cola and Marvel. In the next few decades, when smart phones were evolving with faster processor and greater camera capability, Augmented Reality found real their real home to stay with smart phone as it was very easily accessible to most of the common people and quite portable compared to desktops.

Augmented Reality Examples:

One technology that’s truly shaking up the landscape is augmented reality (AR), which superimposes an image onto a user’s view of the real world and enhances it with sound, touch, and even smell. Indeed, AR is blurring the lines of reality. The connection between humans and sight or sound or view or graphics is very undeniable. As technology continues to evolve, customer experiences are moving away from just what people see to immersing them in the brand experience itself.

Below are some of the Augmented Reality Examples used in real world :

Surgical Procedures

Let’s take this example one step further and imagine that we are going in for a surgical procedure. Before the anesthesia takes effect, we notice that the doctor is wearing an augmented reality headset. The doctor will use this throughout the procedure for things such as display of surgical checklists and display of patient vital signs in a dashboard fashion. Augmented reality assisted surgical technologies assist professionals by providing things such as interfaces to operating room medical devices, graphical overlay-based guidance, recording & archiving of procedures, live feeds to remote users, and instant access to patient records. They can also allow for computer generated images to be projected onto any part of the body for treatment or can be combined with scanned real time images.

Design Application

What is Augmented Reality and Augmented Reality Examples
AR in Construction and Desiging


The uses of AR in this field are innumerable, and range from applications for professional architects creating a new stone masterpiece, all the way down to a college student wondering if that used couch will fit in their room. It’s not surprising that the worlds of architecture and interior home design are taking advantage of this new technology, its popularity, and its widespread availability and affordability. What is surprising is the degree to which AR has already entrenched itself in design. Applications and programs for every kind of AR  exist to aid architects and interior designers, and more are appearing all the time.

Gaming :

The most popular AR game till date is Pokémon Go which allows users to catch virtual Pokémon that are hidden throughout the map of the real world. It uses real locations to encourage players to far and wide in the real world to discover Pokemon. The game enables the players to search and catch more than a hundred species of Pokemon as they move in their surroundings. The app works on both the mediums i.e., Android and iOS.

What is Augmented Reality and Augmented Reality Examples

Like above two, there are many areas where Augmented Reality is so helpful such as Education, Aviation Applications, Business Applications, Army training, Shopping Applications or in Sports.

Conclusion :

Augmented Reality is a technology that has changed the face of smart phone application and gaming. AR adds digital images and data to amplify views of the real world, giving users more information about their environments. This step is beyond virtual reality, which attempts to simulate reality. AR application are growing at a tremendous speed as they give businesses a different edge which attracts the customers.


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